Characterization of predator-prey dynamics, using the evolution of free energy in plasma turbulence - Université Pierre et Marie Curie Access content directly
Journal Articles Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion Year : 2014

Characterization of predator-prey dynamics, using the evolution of free energy in plasma turbulence

Pierre Morel
Özgür D. Gürcan
Vincent Berionni

Abstract

A simple dynamical cascade model for the evolution of free energy is considered in the context of gyrokinetic formalism. It is noted that the dynamics of free energy, that characterize plasma micro-turbulence in magnetic fusion devices, exhibit a predatorprey character. Various key features of predatorprey dynamics such as the time delay between turbulence and large-scale flow structures, or the intermittency of the dynamics are identified in the quasi-steady-state phase of the nonlinear gyrokinetic simulations. A novel prediction on the ratio of turbulence amplitudes in different parts of the wavenumber domain that follows from this simple predatorprey model is compared to a set of nonlinear simulation results and is observed to hold quite well in a large range of physical parameters. Detailed validation of the predatorprey hypothesis using nonlinear gyrokinetics provides a very important input for the effort to apprehend plasma micro-turbulence, since the predatorprey idea can be used as a very effective intuitive tool for understanding and designing efficient transport models.
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hal-01550966 , version 1 (15-05-2024)

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Pierre Morel, Özgür D. Gürcan, Vincent Berionni. Characterization of predator-prey dynamics, using the evolution of free energy in plasma turbulence. Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 2014, 56 (1), pp.015002. ⟨10.1088/0741-3335/56/1/015002⟩. ⟨hal-01550966⟩
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