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Injectable Magnetic-Responsive Short-Peptide Supramolecular Hydrogels: Ex Vivo and In Vivo Evaluation

Abstract : The inclusion of magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) in a hydrogel matrix to produce magnetic hydrogels has broadened the scope of these materials in biomedical research. Embedded MNP offer the possibility to modulate the physical properties of the hydrogel remotely and on demand by applying an external magnetic field. Moreover, they enable permanent changes in the mechanical properties of the hydrogel, as well as alterations in the micro- and macroporosity of its three-dimensional (3D) structure, with the associated potential to induce anisotropy. In this work, the behavior of biocompatible and biodegradable hydrogels made with Fmoc-diphenylalanine (Fmoc-FF) (Fmoc = fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl) and Fmoc-arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (Fmoc-RGD) short peptides to which MNP were incorporated was studied in detail with physicochemical, mechanical, and biological methods. The resulting hybrid hydrogels showed enhance mechanical properties and withstood injection without phase disruption. In mice, the hydrogels showed faster and improved self-healing properties compared to their nonmagnetic counterparts. Thanks to these superior physical properties and stability during culture, they can be used as 3D scaffolds for cell growth. Additionally, magnetic short-peptide hydrogels showed good biocompatibility and the absence of toxicity, which together with their enhanced mechanical stability and excellent injectability make them ideal biomaterials for in vivo biomedical applications with minimally invasive surgery. This study presents a new approach to improving the physical and mechanical properties of supramolecular hydrogels by incorporating MNP, which confer structural reinforcement and stability, remote actuation by magnetic fields, and better injectability. Our approach is a potential catalyst for expanding the biomedical applications of supramolecular short-peptide hydrogels.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03381830
Contributor : Jean-Claude Scimeca Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, November 15, 2021 - 10:09:17 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 6:39:31 AM

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Mari Mañas-Torres, Cristina Gila-Vilchez, Francisco Vazquez-Perez, Pavel Kuzhir, David Momier, et al.. Injectable Magnetic-Responsive Short-Peptide Supramolecular Hydrogels: Ex Vivo and In Vivo Evaluation. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Washington, D.C. : American Chemical Society, 2021, ⟨10.1021/acsami.1c13972⟩. ⟨hal-03381830⟩

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